The renewal process can include demolishing old or rundown buildings, constructing new, uptodate housing, or adding in features like a theater or stadium. In most nations of the third world, the vast majority of the cities are plagued with various multi dimensional urban growth problems infrastructure, services. Most of the housing quality related problems in nigeria results largely from inadequately planned land use and nonsecure land tenure, poverty, poor construction and weak development control. Department of urban and regional planning, university of lagos, nigeria. Urban renewal brings improvement to the physical and housing conditions and makes a city a suitable place for living. Pdf on aug 31, 2017, ajide oyinloye michael and others published urban renewal strategies in developing nations. Evaluation of urban renewal strategies towards physical. Continuous identification and studies of areas due for renewal. The problems of urban development and transportation in lagos can be summarized into the following. Jan 11, 2016 it must be noted that urban renewal is a sine qua non for any serious government of a hustling and bustling community as lagos, which is one of the most populous states, and easily the state with. This paper examines challenges confronting urban renewal in the traditional walled city of kano. Geographical information system gis and remote sensing.
This paper aimed at examining the multidimensional challenges to urban renewal in the traditional walled city of kano, nigeria. It is therefore necessary to look at the experience of other countries to evaluate and understand the cur rent process, while keeping in mind that china is culturally, socially, economically and politically unique. The editor, africa renewal room s1032 united nations, ny 1001725, usa, tel. Hassan 1987 analysed the housing need and supply in nasarawa state, nigeria. Cross river state is currently zoned in nigeria s southsouth. Sustainable urban renewal and planning were suggested to enable the implementation of a smart city. A case of makoko area of lagos state, nigeria olumuyiwa o ajayi. Spatial analysis of housing quality in nigeria sciencedirect. Lagos urban area is home to approximately 33% of the lagos state population sunday and ajewole 2006. Mar 14, 2018 this research analyses the socioeconomic implications of approaches to urban renewal on displaced populations in ogun state, southwest nigeria.
Smart and sustainable built environment emerald insight. The ancient city of kano is presently an area posing a serious threat to urban development because the area still retained the morphology of the. Evaluation of sustainable urban renewal strategies in. Challenges and way forward in the urban sector executive summary v this, both the administration and political decision making have to work across sectors. An examination of urban renewal exercise of badia east of lagos state, nigeria. Place in practice urban renewal an appraisal of urban. Section 6, states the writers recommendation on measures to adopt in achieving the urban renewal goal. Urban decay in nigeria is essentially caused by rapid urbanization and the mismatch in the provision and maintenance of housing and infrastructure. Nigeria urban centres are characterized by a dominant feature which is degrading state of the physical environment. Purpose the purpose of this paper is to appraise the sustainability of the nigerian army shopping. Free access to public data is an essential prerequisite for integrated planning, and not just data and access, but the possibility to look for specific information and trends. Codification of profession 1949 housing act wagnerellendertaft bill first comprehensive housing legislation aimed to construct 800,000 housing units inaugurated urban renewal 1954 berman v. Introduction urban renewal is a process where an urban neighborhood or area is improved and rehabilitated.
The basic mode acceptable worldwide are redevelopment, rehabilitation, revitalization and reservation. Pdf issues and challenges of urban renewal in jos, plateau. Issues and challenges find, read and cite all the research. Usman 1977 concluded, in his study on the existing condition and future of housing need for makurdi that change in status was the main reason for persistent housing shortage in the town. In lagos, nigeria, the challenges of urbanisation have elicited various responses especially on the part of government and her agencies. Urs as a 3 the urban renewal strategy urs is a government. Data were collected from randomly selected 94 business operators in the shopping complex using structured. For the yoruba in nigeria, funerals provide an opportunity to renovate rundown family homes and their surroundings. Evaluation of urban renewal strategies towards physical growth of nigeria urban renewal strategy urs is a term to denote systems employed to revitalize, regenerate urban area and cities in general.
Abstract this research analyses the socioeconomic implications of approaches to urban renewal on displaced populations in ogun state. Department of environmental management, nnamdi azikiwe university, awka. The comment by chatterjee in his study of lagos in 1981 that, for most of the urban poor, housing related services are of very poor quality. The city currently stands as the 14th largest urban area in the world and is on the cusp of becoming a primary coastal megalopolis. Directing and monitoring of all resettlement schemes in redevelopment programmes. Table 1 below presents the summary of the incidence of urbanization in nigeria.
If there are no resources for urban renewal, the city centre, which is the oldest by definition, town into city a slum in time. Urban renewal is most often undertaken to make life safe, more secure and comfortable to the urban dwellers, to attract wealthier individuals to live in that area or to boost economic base or activities in that area. Implementation of all state governments policies and programmes on urban renewal. Urban renewal usually tends women more to poverty than reducing it. Paper open access evaluation of sustainable urban renewal. The programme of urban renewal for sustainable urban.
A focus on makoko, lagos state, nigeria, authormichael ajide oyinloye and isaac oluwadare olamiju and olusola olalekan popoola, year2017. The problem of deficiency in housing quality in nigeria is common both in urban and rural areas. This is in order to identify the nature of the renewal process, unearth the nature of the challenges, as well as attempt to determine the nexus that exist between the challenges identified. The programme of urban renewal for sustainable urban development in nigeria. Urban renewal, challenges, traditional walled city, kano, nigeria i. Lagos city has emerged a growing primate city, at least, growing faster than any other city in subsahara africa in terms of population, urban renewal, roads and infrastructural development.
Pdf multidimensional challenges to urban renewal in. Arena urban renewal project in oshodilagos, nigeria. The ordinance provides a new institutional framework for carrying out urban renewal. Pdf on apr 17, 2019, mustapha kyari manga and others published issues and challenges of urban renewal in jos, plateau state nigeria find, read and cite all the research you need on researchgate. Basic principles and methods of urban and regional planning. Urban research in nigeria urbanization and urban problems. Sustainable land use is an important component of sustainable urban renewal because land redevelopment is a form of resource reuse and adaptive reuse is now considered a sound strategy in architectural conservation and urban regeneration mahtabuzzaman, 2011. Effects of socioeconomic factors on urban renewal option. Poverty reduction in developing countries is possible only by addressing the disproportionate burden of poverty and increases women access to strategic resources. Planning and infrastructure upgrading are to be carried out by the lagos urban renewal board with the assistance of the world bank.
Africas urban population has been growing at a very high. Section 7 gives a conclusion on the paper research. Turning finance into services for 2015 and beyond rural water supply rural water and sanitation agencies should be established in states where this has not been done and their roles substantially limited to facilitation and capacity building of local government areas. In nigeria, the first attempt at urban renewal was in lagos in 1955 as an aftermath of the outbreak of cholera and bubonic plague in 1929 mabogunje, 1974. Department of urban and regional planning, federal university of technology, akure, nigeria. In accordance with the lagos state urban and regional planning and development law 2010, the ministry has 3 parastatals viz. Thus, this thesis assesses the urban renewal projects in terms of planning outcome physical, economic, social, environmental criteria and planning process. Effects of socioeconomic factors on urban renewal option in ileife, nigeria adewale olufunlola yoade wesley university of science and technology, ondo state, nigeria abstract. Urban renewal in lagos state lagos state urban renewal authority lasura a parastatal of the ministry of physical planning and urban development came into existence in 1991 by edict no 7 of 1991.
Urban renewal is a land renewal process which helps to regenerate an aging area. In the last 5 years, massive renewal has been undertaken in five local government areasabeokuta north, adoodo ota, sagamu, yewa south and ijebu ode of the state from which twoabeokuta north and adoodootawere purposively selected to carry. Lagos, nigeria continues to grow in population density and urbanization. Therefore, the study appraised the sustainability of urban renewal in lagos metropolis using the nigerian army shopping arena, oshodi renewal project as a case study. Lagos state is located on the southwestern part of nigeria on the narrow coastal flood plain of the bight of benin. Lagos state physical planning permit authority laspppa, lagos state building control agency labsca, and lagos state urban renewal agency lasura. It is bounded in the north and east by ogun state of nigeria, in the west by the republic of benin, and in the south. Planning subsystem in sustainable urban renewal land. This research analyses the socioeconomic implications of approaches to urban renewal on displaced populations in ogun state, southwest nigeria.
The agency is saddled with the responsibility of implementing the state policy on urban renewal and upgrading of slums blighted communities in the state. Section 5 discusses how decision making process could be integrated to enhance urban renewal plans in nigeria. The lagos state urban renewal agency lasura is one of the parastatals under the lagos state ministry of physical planning and urban development. This paper aims to examine the socioeconomic and health implications of urban renewal for residents of ogun state, southwestern nigeria. Mulitdimensional challenges to urban renewal in kano walled. These widespread applications bring out questions whether the urban renewal projects are good or not. Impact of socioeconomic characteristics on the quality of housing environment in ikom urban, cross river state, nigeria. Urban renewal involves the application of urban upgrading techniques which have been developed for the treatment of urban obsolescence. The purpose of this paper is to assess the effect of urban regeneration and renewal activities initiated by the osun state government in nigeria on the rental values of pdf 171 kb sustainable construction practices in the execution of infrastructure projects. This is associated with poor urban renewal plans, lack of regeneration policies, increased poverty, insecurity, corruption, insufficient environmental regeneration. The potency of public private partnership urban growth and renewal, which is an essential element of sustainable urban development, is inevitably influenced by general conditions including globalization and demographic change. In the last five years, massive urban renewal programs have been implemented in five local government areas lgas in the state. Place in practice urban renewal an appraisal of urban renewal. Introduction sustainable urban development and growth in the face of developing the economy has been an issue of concern to government and policy makers in different countries, especially in developing countries such as nigeria.
Pdf the programme of urban renewal for sustainable urban. An examination of urban renewal exercise of badia east of. Urban renewal is considered effective solutions for improving the environmental integrity and sustainability of the built environment. Impact of socioeconomic characteristics on the quality of. This corroborates the finding that poorly executed urban renewal projects induced by reckless buildings in unapproved places are one of the banes of flooding in urban cities throughout nigeria 20. Urban renewal programmes and gender issue in nigeria.
Ijora badia and ajegunle, in the north and south of apapa, respectively, were the first areas where implementation of the program was carried out. It lies approximately between longitude 2o 42e and 3o 22e and between latitude 6o 22n and 6o 42 n. Pdf insight into urban renewal as a strategic remedy for. The preliminary census data for 1991 although the 1991 census figure is still controversial indicated a. Parker us supreme court upholds dc redevelopment land agency to condemn unsightly, though non. Ambode and urban renewal of lagos the guardian nigeria news. Urban renewal, redevelopment, and revitalization projects are crucial to the success of the city because it stimulates the economy, enhances property values, instills a sense of civic pride, reduces crime, and helps current businesses and attract new ones. In the last 5 years, massive renewal has been undertaken in five local government areasabeokuta north, adoodo ota, sagamu, yewa south and ijebu ode of the state from which twoabeokuta north and adoodootawere purposively selected to. The agency is saddled with the responsibility of implementing the state policy on urban renewal and upgrading of. Over time, urban renewal evolved into a policy based less on destruction and more on renovation and investment, and today is an integral part of many local governments, often combined with small and big business incentives lobbia, 1999. Since the current situation in china makes it difficult to classify it as either a. The commitment of the plateau state government to giving a face lift to the aesthetic beauty of the capital city of jos.
The majority of urban residents are crowded into these areas and other enclaves of lowincome groups. Urban renewal which may be also known as urban redevelopment is a veritable social gentrification technique. These urban slums are characterised by deplorable living conditions with poor land use planning, inadequate social services, coupled with high. Gbadegesin and others published the programme of urban renewal for sustainable urban development in nigeria. The federal government is in charge of water resources management. In the last 5 years,massive renewal has been undertaken in five local government areasabeokuta north,adoodo ota, sagamu, yewa south and ijebu ode of the state from which twoabeokuta north and adoodootawere purposively selected to carry. A focus on makoko, lagos state, nigeria find, read and cite all the research. A study was done on some selected existing buildings found in the residential district. The aim of the study is to develop criteria for a good urban renewal project. Urban refurbishmentled regeneration is regarded to be a cheaper, faster. Pdf urban renewal strategies in developing nations. Jul 19, 20 the purpose of this paper is to appraise the sustainability of the nigerian army shopping arena urban renewal project in oshodi. Landuse decision support in brownfield redevelopment for urban renewal based on crowdsourced data and a presenceandbackground learning pbl method yilun liu, axing zhu, jingli wang, wenkai li.
Responsibility of water supply in nigeria is shared between three levels of government federal, state and local. The purpose of this paper is to appraise the sustainability of the nigerian army shopping arena urban renewal project in oshodi. When death brings urban renewal in nigeria africa al jazeera. The issue of poverty in nigeria especially in the urban areas as exemplified by. Abeokuta north, adoodo ota, sagamu, yewa south and ijebu ode from which two. Housing quality studies can be justified because it is an indispensable, social and physical infrastructure whose quality and quantity, serves as an instrument for measuring the standard of living, the level of technological advancement, culture and civilization mbina, 2007. It was restructured to reposition it in 2005 vide gazette no 25, vol. Urban renewal is perceived to play an important role in the policy towards sustainable development of cities. In china, urban renewal is a rather recent phenomenon which has been scarcely documented.1082 1216 35 1289 1451 285 107 872 689 1047 285 989 835 96 989 574 121 550 184 255 1437 1353 36 230 647 962 140 1134 1144 115 1111 92 46 1369 1260 1487